By Zia Ur Rehman

June 8, 2015

Several men, both young and old, thronged an open space near the railway tracks in City Railway Colony on Saturday to watch the final match of a ‘Makha’ tournament amid music and revelry.

The final between the Jadoon Group Banaras and the Young Sultanabad began at 6pm and continued till the early hours of Sunday.

Makha, also pronounced by some as ‘Mokha’, is a traditional Pashtun archery sport dating back hundreds of years, and mainly played in Swabi and Buner districts of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province.


In Karachi, the residents who have arrived in the city from these two districts have been organising Makha tournaments in different Pashtun neighbourhoods of the metropolis since 1992.

Similar to archery, the game is played with a long arrow (ghashay in Pashto) and a long bow (leenda). The tip of the arrow is not sharp but a round metal plate (tubray).

Makha players say that the archery was used as a tool in warfare in the past, but after the invention of modern weapons, it has now turned into a game, mainly in the land of the Yousafzai tribe – Swabi and Buner districts.

Rules of the game

Makha players say that there are teams each having 12 players – two of them reserves. The archers try to hit a small white wooden target (takai) placed at some height and 32 feet away.

The target is surrounded by a circular ring and secured in fresh clay. Each team also chooses a community elder as a judge from its side for each match. Each player has his own bow and arrow bought mostly from the Topi and Marghuz areas of Swabi.

“Each player shoots twice per round and the team with the most successful hits moves to the next round of the tournament,” said Taj Muhammad Jadoon, an organiser who also did the commentary for the final match in Pashto.

Three dhol players are also hired for the event. When the target is hit, they start beating their dhols and playing flutes and the team’s supporters start dancing.



The dhol players from Keamari have been performing in Makha tournaments for many years. In every match, the winning team pays them Rs1,000, while they receive Rs500 from the runner-up.

Besides, Gul Bampokhwal and Resal Muhammad, two Pashto poets, recited their poems at the tournament.

Teams from different Pashtun-populated areas including City Railway Colony, Hijrat Colony, Sultanabad, Banaras, Faqir Colony, Mohajir Camp, Ittehad Town, Keamari and old Sabzi Mandi participated in the contest that started on May 13. The team that wins the final hosts the next tournament in its area.

“We organise these tournaments on a self-help basis. Each team pays Rs3,200, mainly collected from the players and the enthusiasts of the sport,” said Jadoon.

Saving the game

The organisers and players say that they want to revive and promote this centuries-old Pashtun sport in the city by organising such tournaments.

Hatim Khan, 52, a Makha player, said he had been playing the game for three decades in the city. He added that he had learnt Makha at a very young age and now wished to teach it to his children.

Muhammad Arshad Khan, an artist associated with the Pashtun Thinkers Forum, a Karachi-based cultural organisation, said promoting traditional games such as Makha could help in curbing social evils and militancy.

“Makha tournaments, so far, are mainly funded by the players, but the government should start financially supporting such contests,” he added.

Jadoon expressed similar views. To grab the government’s attention, the organisers had invited Syed Najmi Alam, the Karachi president of the Pakistan People’s Party, the ruling party in Sindh.

“In Pashtun neighbourhoods, there are no parks and stadiums where people, especially youth, can spend free time,” said Jadoon. “Traditional games, including Makha, are a source of entertainment for people and should be organised regularly and in every area of the city.”

Jadoon said most Pashtuns living in Karachi moved to the city in the 60s and their younger generations do not know much about their traditional games. “They [traditional games] are part of our history. They are what keep us in touch with our roots,” he said.

“It’s not really the children’s fault; all they’ve grown up with is cricket. So this tournament is our attempt to not only save this game; but our heritage too.”